Semantic Indentation is an actively used design pattern. With this pattern, programmers indent their code blocks with whitespace instead of using braces, brackets, or other visible characters.

?Years Old

Languages without Semantic Indentation include archieml, go, julia, kotlin, rust, swift, wast

Languages with Semantic Indentation include abc, aldor, argdown, bml, boo, buddyscript, cirru, cobra, coffeescript, csl, curry, elfe, elixir, f-sharp, genie, haml, haskell, i-expressions, indental, inform, iswim, literate-coffeescript, livescript, madcap-vi, madcap, makefile, markdown, miranda, nemerle, net-format, nim, occam, ogdl, org, p4p, promal, purescript, python, restructuredtext, sass, scss, sheep-lang, spin, stylus, sweet-expressions, wisp, xl-programming-language, yaml, z-expressions

Example from cirru:

  + 1 2
  , 11

Example from purescript:

-- Syntax is whitespace sensitive. The general rule of thumb is that declarations which span multiple lines should be indented past the column on which they were first defined on their subsequent lines.
foo = bar +

Example from sheep-lang:

define pythtree ax:real ay:real bx:real by:real depth:int do
   cx = ax-ay+by

Example from z-expressions:

defun message msg
      do print : Here's a message
         print msg
         print : End of message. 

Last updated June 22nd, 2020

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