Nginx is an actively used application created in 2004. Nginx ( EN-jin-EKS) (stylized as NGINX, NGiИX or nginx) is a web server which can also be used as a reverse proxy, load balancer, mail proxy and HTTP cache. The software was created by Igor Sysoev and first publicly released in 2004. A company of the same name was founded in 2011 to provide support and Nginx plus paid software.Nginx is free and open-source software, released under the terms of a BSD-like license. Read more on Wikipedia...

15Years Old 20Users 0Jobs
  • Nginx ranks in the top 20% of languages
  • the Nginx wikipedia page
  • Nginx first appeared in 2004
  • file extensions for Nginx include nginxconf and vhost
  • See also: c, linux, solaris, tls, wordpress
  • I have 44 facts about Nginx. what would you like to know? email me and let me know how I can help.

Example code from the web:

#user  nobody;
worker_processes  1;

#error_log  logs/error.log;
#pid   /run/nginx.pid;

events {
    worker_connections  1024;
}

http {
      include /etc/nginx/mime.types;
      gzip  on;
      gzip_http_version 1.1;
      gzip_comp_level 2;
      gzip_types text/plain text/html text/css
                      application/x-javascript text/xml
                      application/xml application/xml+rss
                      text/javascript;

server {
                listen       80;
                server_name  localhost;
                access_log  logs/localhost.access.log  main;
                location / {
                    root   html;
                    index  index.html index.htm;
                }
        include /etc/nginx/sites-enabled/*;
        }
}

Example code from Linguist:

# Move the www people to no-www
server {
  listen 80;
  server_name www.example.com;
  return 301 $scheme://example.com$request_uri;
}

server {
  listen 80;
  listen 443 ssl;
  server_name example.com;

  # Certs sent to the client in SERVER HELLO are concatenated in ssl_certificate
  ssl_certificate /srv/www/example.com/ssl/example.com.crt;
  ssl_certificate_key /srv/www/example.com/ssl/example.com.key;
  
  # Allow multiple connections to use the same key data
  ssl_session_timeout 5m;
  ssl_session_cache shared:SSL:50m;
  
  # Diffie-Hellman parameter for DHE ciphersuites, recommended 2048 bits
  ssl_dhparam /etc/ssl/certs/dhparam.pem;

  # Intermediate configuration. tweak to your needs
  ssl_protocols TLSv1 TLSv1.1 TLSv1.2;
  include snippets/ssl_ciphers_intermediate.conf;
  ssl_prefer_server_ciphers on;

  # HSTS (ngx_http_headers_module is required) (15768000 seconds = 6 months)
  #add_header Strict-Transport-Security max-age=15768000;

  # OCSP Stapling - fetch OCSP records from URL in ssl_certificate and cache them
  ssl_stapling on;
  ssl_stapling_verify on;

  # Verify chain of trust of OCSP response using Root CA and Intermediate certs
  ssl_trusted_certificate /srv/www/example.com/ssl/unified-ssl.crt;
  resolver 8.8.8.8 8.8.4.4;
  resolver_timeout 10s;

  root /srv/www/example.com/htdocs;
  index index.php index.html index.htm;
  charset UTF-8;
  autoindex off;
  
  # Deny access based on HTTP method (set in HTTP level)
  if ($bad_method = 1) {
    return 444;
  }

  # Show "Not Found" 404 errors in place of "Forbidden" 403 errors, because
  # forbidden errors allow attackers potential insight into your server's
  # layout and contents
  error_page 403 = 404;

  # It's always good to set logs, note however you cannot turn off the error log
  # setting error_log off; will simply create a file called 'off'.
  access_log /var/log/nginx/example.com.access.log;
  error_log /var/log/nginx/example.com.error.log;

  # Add trailing slash to */wp-admin requests.
  rewrite /wp-admin$ $scheme://$host$uri/ permanent;

  location / {
    # This try_files directive is used to enable pretty, SEO-friendly URLs
    # and permalinks for Wordpress. Leave it *off* to start with, and then
    # turn it on once you've gotten Wordpress configured!
    try_files $uri $uri/ /index.php?$args;
  }

  # Option to create password protected directory
  # http://www.howtoforge.com/basic-http-authentication-with-nginx
  # location /admin {
  #   auth_basic "Administrator Login";
  #   auth_basic_user_file /var/www/domain.com/admin/.htpasswd;
  # }

  # Do not log access to these to keep the logs cleaner
  location = /favicon.ico {
    log_not_found off;
    access_log off;
  }

  location = /apple-touch-icon.png {
    log_not_found off;
    access_log off;
  }

  location = /apple-touch-icon-precomposed.png {
    log_not_found off;
    access_log off;
  }

  # This block will catch static file requests, such as images, css, js
  # The ?: prefix is a 'non-capturing' mark, meaning we do not require
  # the pattern to be captured into $1 which should help improve performance
  location ~* \.(?:3gp|gif|jpg|jpe?g|png|ico|wmv|avi|asf|asx|mpg|mpeg|mp4|pls|mp3|mid|wav|swf|flv|html|htm|txt|js|css|exe|zip|tar|rar|gz|tgz|bz2|uha|7z|doc|docx|xls|xlsx|pdf|iso|woff)$ {
    # Some basic cache-control for static files to be sent to the browser
    expires max;
    add_header Pragma public;
    add_header Cache-Control "public, must-revalidate, proxy-revalidate";
  }

  # Deny all attempts to access hidden files such as .htaccess, .htpasswd, .DS_Store (Mac).
  # Keep logging the requests to parse later (or to pass to firewall utilities such as fail2ban)
  location ~ /\. {
    access_log off;
    log_not_found off;
    deny all;
  }

  location ~ ~$ {
    access_log off;
    log_not_found off;
    deny all;
  }

  # Common deny or internal locations, to help prevent access to areas of
  # the site that should not be public
  location ~* wp-admin/includes {
    deny all;
  }

  location ~* wp-includes/theme-compat/ {
    deny all;
  }

  location ~* wp-includes/js/tinymce/langs/.*\.php {
    deny all;
  }

  location /wp-content/ {
    internal;
  }

  # Deny access to any files with a .php extension in the uploads directory
  # Works in sub-directory installs and also in multisite network
  # Keep logging the requests to parse later (or to pass to firewall utilities such as fail2ban)
  location ~* /(?:uploads|files)/.*\.php$ {
    deny all;
  }

  # Make sure these get through, esp with dynamic WP sitmap plugin
  location = /robots.txt {
    try_files $uri /index.php;
  }

  location = /sitemap.xml {
    try_files $uri /index.php;
  }

  location = /sitemap.xml.gz {
    try_files $uri /index.php;
  }

  # Fix for Firefox issue with cross site font icons
  location ~* \.(eot|otf|ttf|woff)$ {
    add_header Access-Control-Allow-Origin *;
  }

  # Redirect server error pages to the static page /50x.html
  # Make sure 50x.html exists at that location
  error_page 500 502 503 504 /50x.html;
    location = /50x.html {
    root /usr/share/nginx/html;
    }

  # Cache everything by default
  set $skip_cache 0;

  # POST requests and urls with a query string should always go to PHP
  if ($request_method = POST) {
    set $skip_cache 1;
  }
  if ($query_string != "") {
    set $skip_cache 1;
  }

  # Don't cache uris containing the following segments
  if ($request_uri ~* "/wp-admin/|/xmlrpc.php|wp-.*.php|/feed/|index.php|sitemap(_index)?.xml") {
    set $skip_cache 1;
  }

  # Don't use the cache for logged in users or recent commenters
  if ($http_cookie ~* "comment_author|wordpress_[a-f0-9]+|wp-postpass|wordpress_no_cache|wordpress_logged_in") {
    set $skip_cache 1;
  }

  # Pass all .php files onto a php-fpm/php-fcgi server.
  location ~ [^/]\.php(/|$) {
    # regex to split $uri to $fastcgi_script_name and $fastcgi_path
    fastcgi_split_path_info ^(.+\.php)(/.+)$;

    # Check that the PHP script exists before passing it
    try_files $fastcgi_script_name =404;

    # Bypass the fact that try_files resets $fastcgi_path_info
    # see: http://trac.nginx.org/nginx/ticket/321
    set $path_info $fastcgi_path_info;
    fastcgi_param PATH_INFO $path_info;

    fastcgi_pass unix:/var/run/example.com.sock;
    fastcgi_index index.php;
    # Uncomment if site is HTTPS
    #fastcgi_param HTTPS on;
    include fastcgi.conf;
    
    fastcgi_cache_bypass $skip_cache;
    fastcgi_no_cache $skip_cache;

    fastcgi_cache WORDPRESS;
    fastcgi_cache_valid  60m;
  }

  location ~ /purge(/.*) {
    fastcgi_cache_purge WORDPRESS "$scheme$request_method$host$1";
  }

  # Use this block if PHPMyAdmin is enabled for this domain
  location /phpmyadmin {
    root /usr/share/;
    index index.php index.html index.htm;

    location ~ ^/phpmyadmin/(.+\.php)$ {
      try_files $uri =404;
      root /usr/share/;
      fastcgi_pass unix:/var/run/example.com.sock;
      fastcgi_index index.php;
      include fastcgi.conf;
    }

    location ~* ^/phpmyadmin/(.+\.(jpg|jpeg|gif|css|png|js|ico|html|xml|txt))$ {
      root /usr/share/;
    }
  }

  location /phpMyAdmin {
    rewrite ^/* /phpmyadmin last;
  }
  # End PHPMyAdmin block

} # End of server block.

Last updated July 22nd, 2019