GAMS is an actively used programming language created in 1963. The General Algebraic Modeling System (GAMS) is a high-level modeling system for mathematical optimization. GAMS is designed for modeling and solving linear, nonlinear, and mixed-integer optimization problems. The system is tailored for complex, large-scale modeling applications and allows the user to build large maintainable models that can be adapted to new situations. Read more on Wikipedia...

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Example code from Linguist:

*Basic example of transport model from GAMS model library

$Title  A Transportation Problem (TRNSPORT,SEQ=1)
$Ontext

This problem finds a least cost shipping schedule that meets
requirements at markets and supplies at factories.


Dantzig, G B, Chapter 3.3. In Linear Programming and Extensions.
Princeton University Press, Princeton, New Jersey, 1963.

This formulation is described in detail in:
Rosenthal, R E, Chapter 2: A GAMS Tutorial. In GAMS: A User's Guide.
The Scientific Press, Redwood City, California, 1988.

The line numbers will not match those in the book because of these
comments.

$Offtext


  Sets
       i   canning plants   / seattle, san-diego /
       j   markets          / new-york, chicago, topeka / ;
  Parameters
       a(i)  capacity of plant i in cases
         /    seattle     350
              san-diego   600  /
       b(j)  demand at market j in cases
         /    new-york    325
              chicago     300
              topeka      275  / ;
  Table d(i,j)  distance in thousands of miles
                    new-york       chicago      topeka
      seattle          2.5           1.7          1.8
      san-diego        2.5           1.8          1.4  ;
  Scalar f  freight in dollars per case per thousand miles  /90/ ;
  Parameter c(i,j)  transport cost in thousands of dollars per case ;
            c(i,j) = f * d(i,j) / 1000 ;
  Variables
       x(i,j)  shipment quantities in cases
       z       total transportation costs in thousands of dollars ;

  Positive Variable x ;

  Equations
       cost        define objective function
       supply(i)   observe supply limit at plant i
       demand(j)   satisfy demand at market j ;

  cost ..        z  =e=  sum((i,j), c(i,j)*x(i,j)) ;

  supply(i) ..   sum(j, x(i,j))  =l=  a(i) ;

  demand(j) ..   sum(i, x(i,j))  =g=  b(j) ;

  Model transport /all/ ;

  Solve transport using lp minimizing z ;

  Display x.l, x.m ;

$ontext
#user model library stuff
Main topic Basic GAMS
Featured item 1 Trnsport model
Featured item 2
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Description
Basic example of transport model from GAMS model library



$offtext

Example code from Wikipedia:

Sets
      i   canning plants   / seattle, san-diego /
      j   markets          / new-york, Chicago, topeka / ;
 Parameters
      a(i)  capacity of plant i in cases
        /    seattle     350
             san-diego   600  /
      b(j)  demand at market j in cases
        /    new-york    325
             Chicago     300
             topeka      275  / ;
 Table d(i,j)  distance in thousands of miles
                   new-york       Chicago      topeka
     seattle          2.5           1.7          1.8
     san-diego        2.5           1.8          1.4  ;
 Scalar f  freight in dollars per case per thousand miles  /90/ ;
 Parameter c(i,j)  transport cost in thousands of dollars per case ;
           c(i,j) = f * d(i,j) / 1000 ;
 Variables
      x(i,j)  shipment quantities in cases
      z       total transportation costs in thousands of dollars ;
 Positive Variable x ;
 Equations
      cost        define objective function
      supply(i)   observe supply limit at plant i
      demand(j)   satisfy demand at market j ;
 cost ..        z  =e=  sum((i,j), c(i,j)*x(i,j)) ;
 supply(i) ..   sum(j, x(i,j))  =l=  a(i) ;
 demand(j) ..   sum(i, x(i,j))  =g=  b(j) ;
 Model transport /all/ ;
 Solve transport using lp minimizing z ;
 Display x.l, x.m ;

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Last updated December 10th, 2019

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