Expect is a historical programming language created in 1990. Expect, an extension to the Tcl scripting language written by Don Libes, is a program to automate interactions with programs that expose a text terminal interface. Expect was originally written in 1990 for Unix systems, but has since become available for Microsoft Windows and other systems.. Read more on Wikipedia...

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Example code from the web:

# Assume $remote_server, $my_user_id, $my_password, and $my_command were read in earlier
# in the script.
# Open a telnet session to a remote server, and wait for a username prompt.
spawn telnet $remote_server
expect "username:"
# Send the username, and then wait for a password prompt.
send "$my_user_id\r"
expect "password:"
# Send the password, and then wait for a shell prompt.
send "$my_password\r"
expect "%"
# Send the prebuilt command, and then wait for another shell prompt.
send "$my_command\r"
expect "%"
# Capture the results of the command into a variable. This can be displayed, or written to disk.
set results $expect_out(buffer)
# Exit the telnet session, and wait for a special end-of-file character.
send "exit\r"
expect eof

Example code from Wikipedia:

#timeout is a predefined variable in expect which by default is set to 10 sec
#spawn_id is another default variable in expect.
#It is good practice to close spawn_id handle created by spawn command
set timeout 60
spawn ssh $user@machine
while {1} {
  expect {

    eof                          {break}
    "The authenticity of host"   {send "yes\r"}
    "password:"                  {send "$password\r"}
    "*\]"                        {send "exit\r"}
  }
}
wait
close $spawn_id

Last updated August 22nd, 2019