ELLA is a programming language created in 1979. ELLA is a Hardware description language and support toolset. Developed by the Royal Signals and Radar Establishment during the 1980s and 1990s. Includes tools to perform: design transformation symbolic simulations formal verificationELLA is a winner of the 1989 Queen's Award for Technological Achievement.. Read more on Wikipedia...

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• ELLA ranks in the top 25% of languages
• ELLA first appeared in 1979
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### Example code from Wikipedia:

```MAC ZIP = ([INT n]TYPE t: vector1 vector2) -> [n]t:
[INT k = 1..n](vector1[k], vector2[k]).

MAC TRANSPOSE = ([INT n][INT m]TYPE t: matrix) -> [m][n]t:
[INT i = 1..m] [INT j = 1..n] matrix[j][i].

MAC INNER_PRODUCT{FN * = TYPE t -> TYPE s, FN + = s -> s}
= ([INT n]t: vector) -> s:
IF n = 1 THEN *vector
ELSE *vector + INNER_PRODUCT {*,+} vector[2..n]
FI.

MAC MATRIX_MULT {FN * = TYPE t->TYPE s, FN + = s->s} =
([INT n][INT m]t: matrix1, [m][INT p]t: matrix2) -> [n][p]s:
BEGIN
LET transposed_matrix2 = TRANSPOSE matrix2.
OUTPUT [INT i = 1..n][INT j = 1..p]
INNER_PRODUCT{*,+}ZIP(matrix1[i],transposed_matrix2[j])
END.

TYPE element = NEW elt/(1..20),
product = NEW prd/(1..1200).

FN PLUS = (product: integer1 integer2) -> product:
ARITH integer1 + integer2.

FN MULT = (element: integer1 integer2) -> product:
ARITH integer1 * integer2.

FN MULT_234 = (element:matrix1, element:matrix2) ->
product:
MATRIX_MULT{MULT,PLUS}(matrix1, matrix2).

FN TEST = () -> product:
( LET m1 = ((elt/2, elt/1, elt/1),
(elt/3, elt/6, elt/9)),
m2 = ((elt/6, elt/1, elt/3, elt/4),
(elt/9, elt/2, elt/8, elt/3),
(elt/6, elt/4, elt/1, elt/2)).
OUTPUT
MULT_234 (m1, m2)
).

COM test: just displaysignal MOC```

Last updated August 9th, 2020

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